Search towards the Halabja dialect try supported by a letter

Search towards the Halabja dialect try supported by a letter

c) The fresh new east Jewish dialects share numerous possess: biggest worry (1), alter out-of [Theta] to 1 (4), reinterpretation out of verb classification due to the fact shape (5), and you can reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). Speaking of areal keeps and therefore duration might divide ranging from Halabja to the one hand and you can Koy Sanjaq and you may Azerbaijan on other. It is not clear where dialect every one of them starts, but they are likely lent from one towards others and never handed down in common.

Such about three significant clusters out-of isoglosses represent simply a small area of evidence that’s delivered to sustain for the taxonomy of the NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), using proof regarding pronouns, shows the presence of a north Iraqi dialect group (right here illustrated by Zakho, Tisqopa, and you may Aradhin) and that can’t be seen on the basis of the restricted analysis demonstrated here. What is needed now is one another heavier descriptions of one’s dialects already reported, in order that usual and you may determining attributes is present, and also have field work in order to record the many languages which happen to be for the verge regarding extinction.

step 1 Many thanks are due to people who shared investigation and guidance, such as Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you may Jo Rubba. Elizabeth.H. june stipend.

Such as for example, f and grams have been retained for the terms and conditions such etrog ‘citron’ and sefer ‘scroll of law’, in which from the handed down Aramaic words f could have become p and you may grams would have gone away

step Schwul Webseiten für die Beziehung three Garbell (1964, 100-103) states that speakers out of Jewish Azerbaiaic from Kurdish. Their no. 1 research for this is the enunciation away from Hebrew financing-words inside dialect. Hebrew loanwords inside the Jewish Azerbaijani keep particular music that have been removed otherwise combined with others in the common Neo-Aramaic vocabulary. Garbell states these retentions show that these Hebrew conditions was basically lent in the first place inside Kurdish, and that a small grouping of Kurdish sound system later on shifted so you can Neo-Aramaic. It appears to be apt to be that Hebrew issue throughout the dialect did not be involved in the fresh sound alterations in question due to this new unique religious register that they fall-in. They might have even altered and already been restored on the foundation of the old-fashioned pronunciation regarding surrounding organizations.

4 An elevated + indicates that the next phrase try pronounced toward suprasegmental ability ’emphasis’ that is receive somewhat throughout NENA languages. Phonetically, stress was advanced, but the primary parts try velarization, and it is will brought on by the presence of this new emphatic consonants t and you can s.

7 In the dialect out-of Tyari [Theta] commonly gets s. It dialect, which had been verbal ahead of 1915 in a community from Hakkari, is not discussed right here while the content with it was insufficient.

8 That isn’t obvious whether or not this form is available within the the latest Halabja dialect. My informants from there know they, however, said it actually was even more trait of your own surrounding city of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it’s unfamiliar in the dialect of the Jews from Sanandaj.

9 Robert Hoberman means in my experience your NENA versions can get actually have originated from an enthusiastic unattested metathesized elizabeth[Theta]strip ezdi.

Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. Within the Bono Homini Donum: Essays in Historic Linguistics inside the Memory regarding J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you can Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Studies from the Concept and you may History of Linguistic Science, collection IV. Latest Products within the Linguistic Theory 16. Part II, 613-44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

An inquiry with the Formation of one’s Middle Aramaic Dialects

Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Terms and Syllables during the Jewish East The latest Aramaic of Persian Azerbaijan and the Continguous Districts (A dilemma of Multilingualism). From inside the Training inside the Egyptology and you will Linguistics honoring H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Community.

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